ID Requirement

Identification and Residency Requirements


A primary and secondary form of identification must be presented at the time of purchase of any firearm.  Non-Virginia residents may only pickup rifles and shotguns.


Primary Identification is state issued Driver's License or ID Card only


  • Primary ID must have a  photo of the individual
  • Primary ID must denote the individual’s name, race, sex, address, and date of birth
  • Primary ID must be issued for at least 30 days on an original or duplicate
  • A social security card IS NOT an acceptable form of identification.
  • A birth certificate IS NOT an acceptable form of identification.


Secondary Identification


The secondary form of identification must show an address identical to that shown on the primary form of identification. Some acceptable forms of secondary ID are current (un-expired):


  • Automobile Registration
  • Voter Registration Card
  • Concealed Handgun Permit
  • Utility or Telephone Bill
  • Bank Check
  • Lease
  • Hunting or Fishing License


Transfer of an Assault Firearm


Proof of citizenship must be established prior to the purchase of an "assault firearm."  One of the following forms of proof of citizenship or lawful residence, pursuant to §18.2-308.2 must be presented to purchase an assault firearm:


  • A Certified Birth Certificate
  • U.S. Passport
  • Voter Registration Card


Military Personnel


Active military personnel permanently stationed in Virginia are treated as Virginia residents for the purchase of a handgun. Identification and residency are established by the following:

A military photo-identification card issued by the United States Department of Defense and proof that Virginia is the permanent duty station via current military assignment orders is acceptable identification and residency documentation to establish military personnel as residents of Virginia.

Individuals retired from military service are subject to the same identification and residency requirements as any other person wishing to purchase a firearm (i.e., a primary and secondary form of ID).


Law Enforcement Officers


State and federal law enforcement officers must meet primary and secondary ID requirements, and must consent to a background check.

Law enforcement officers are not subject to Virginia’s handgun purchase restriction of one gun a mont.


Lawful Alien & Nonimmigrant Status


No firearm transfers to resident aliens and non-immigrants.